Located in the north-east of the Asian continent, South Korea is the emblem of balance. Equilibrium which is the central meaning of its flag, where the elements of the sky, earth, water and fire coexist in harmony together with the symbols of Yang (positive) and Yin (negative).
Korea is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, according to archaeological research, it is estimated that the peninsula was populated from the Lower Paleolithic. Therefore, the history of Korea is very rich and very old. The cult of the ancestors has a great importance. Although many Koreans do not believe that there is anything “up there” as the supreme God, they do believe that all their ancestors are somewhere and have to honor them. In fact, it implies the belief that the souls of the deceased can benefit or punish their descendants and that if many bad things happen to you it is because you are angering them. Following this logic, the family is the most important part of Korean life.
Family welfare is much more important than the needs of the individual, in fact, social welfare in general is more important than the needs of the individual. The members of the family are linked together because the actions of one member affect the root of the rest of the family. In many cases, the record can trace the history, through the male ancestors, up to 500 years ago.
Confucianism is the major religious doctrine professed in the country, this ethical system originated in China around 500 a.c. whose principles are based on devotion and respect towards parents, family, friends and those in positions of authority.
The “Five Relationships” describe the behavioral norms that must coexist between the governed and governed, father and son, husband and wife, old and young and between friends; anyone who does not respect this relationship is treated as if it did not exist.
The official language is Korean, which has grammatical and lexical similarities with the Japanese and Chinese; the local population considers it a real art form with a particular pride in their writing, han’gul.
The initial attitude that the locals have with tourists will not be the friendly, but it will be enough to be presented to someone to return to the category of “friends”.
Art is an integral part of the Korean people, in particular there is a great interest in music, similar to Japanese and Chinese with ample space for the strings. The two major musical forms are chongak and the popular minsogak.
In the local tradition there are many popular dances such as the sungum (a very lively dance accompanied by the sound of the drums), the t’alchum (a masked dance) and the salpuri (dance usually improvised at the time).
Furthermore, South Korea is known for its ancient tradition of visual arts.
The painting is characterized by elements from Chinese art and calligraphy in which the brush line becomes the protagonist.
The sculpture revolves around the Buddhist style with statues and pagodas, worthy of note the valuable Buddha of Sokkuram.